According to a report by more than 50 experts in international law, genocide, and war crimes, China has breached all provisions of the 1948 UN Genocide Convention against Uyghurs in Xinjiang.
As per the report, about 1-2 million people have been detained in some 1,400 extrajudicial internment facilities created in Xinjiang since 2014. The report also accuses China of sexual assault, forcible sterilization, psychological torture, brainwashing, and many unreported deaths in these camps.
The report says Uyghur detainees in these detention centers are systematically tortured, subjected to sexual violence, including rape. Detainees are subject to cruel, inhuman, and degrading treatment or punishment they are even deprived of their basic human needs and severely humiliated.
China has denied all allegations of human rights abuses and defended its actions in Xinjiang as it was necessary to combat radicalization and terrorism in the country after a string of attacks. According to China the detention camps as “vocational training centers” that are part of a poverty alleviation campaign. As said by the Chinese Foreign minister Wang Yi, the allegations of genocide in Xinjiang are “preposterous”.